Answers to Your Questions

Frequently Asked Questions


How do bonds work?

NH law RSA 33 describes the bond process in NH.

In general, the District sells municipal tax-free bonds either directly on the bond market or through an intermediary like the NH Municipal Bond Bank. Once the bonds are sold, the District is obligated to pay them back when they mature just like corporate bonds. Generally speaking, when someone refers to a “20 year bond,” it is actually separate and discrete bonds that are sold with each one expiring every year for the next 20 years. The interest rate, coupon rate, par value, etc. are determined at the time the bonds are sold.

For additional information: https://www.nhmunicipal.org/town-city-article/abcs-borrowing-municipalities


How does the school district plan to pay for the construction costs, and how long should it take to pay it off? How much do you expect to pay annually?

The construction costs would be funded through the sale of bonds per RSA 33. It is up to the Board to determine the length of time the bonds will be paid off. There are many variables that could affect the actual costs, and the final costs won’t be determined until bonds are actually sold. An amortization schedule and projected tax impact chart will be developed by the SAU and reviewed by the ASB and were shared with the community at the Amherst School District Deliberative. The presented plan has a 25-year period, resulting in a lower projected interest rate with an estimated savings of $14 million over the life of the loan, rather than a 30-year period as previously discussed. The bond features level-debt repayment, ensuring the yearly impact is the same for current taxpayers as well as those living in the district in the future.

what percentage of votes is needed for the new elementary to pass?

The vote requires 60% voter support. 


What are the energy costs of the facilities after this project?

Energy analysis will continue as the project continues. When final design and materials are selected, the estimations will be more precise. At this time, please view this deck for energy cost estimates. 

JFAC Energy 

Now that the building will be larger, what additional costs associated with the operation of the new elementary school should we expect?

The District and Board will need to determine a staffing strategy for the new building based on actual enrollment. Currently, the elementary school has 6-7 classroom teachers per grade and is meeting the class size goals established several years ago by the Amherst School Board. The building proposed by Banwell Architects and presented for the March 2023 bond includes 7 classrooms per grade (k-5) and 3 flexible rooms for years when an additional classroom is needed for general education space or when the enrollment population needs require flexibility in floor plans. 

A community survey conducted in 2020 found that class sizes were a strong concern among respondents. At the time, class sizes were among the highest in the state. Amherst School District has addressed staffing to meet the desired student-teacher ratio over the last four years. Since class size ratios have been addressed, additional teachers are not projected as a result of the building project.  The addition or reduction of staff will be driven by enrollment demands. Enrollment projections are steady and allow the team to feel confident in the size of the proposed project.

The building will be more energy efficient than the current Clark and Wilkins buildings. It will create an educational facility that aligns with today’s standards to house the programming of the elementary school in one building.  The increase in space will require an increase in operating budget funding for costs like heat and electricity. 

Is there an exemption for senior citizens or those who are disabled?

The Town of Amherst offers tax exemptions for elderly and disabled residents that are based on specific criteria determined by the Town. Information can be found at the assessing page of the town site- https://www.amherstnh.gov/assessing/pages/tax-exemption-criteria



Can we apply for State aid?

Yes, we have applied for state building aid.

The application was deemed a priority for the Amherst School Board (ASB) and Administration.

ASB is advocating for increase in building aid with local legislative representatives

Building projects were ranked on various criteria, including: 

    • Safety and Security

    • Obsolete or Inefficient Conditions

    • Overcrowding/Increased Enrollment

    • Operational Cost Efficiency

    • Maintenance Program

    • District’s eligibility for Free & Reduced Meals

 Amherst’s Elementary School Project was ranked 7 out of 17

NHDOE received the largest number of applications since the building aid moratorium was lifted in 2020

This ranking from an outside source demonstrates significant need

Final Awards will be based on Ranking, State Appropriation, and Voter Approval

Funding is possible but not highly likely

To learn more about the process and timeline visit https://www.education.nh.gov/sites/g/files/ehbemt326/files/inline-documents/building-aid-process.pdf

If my assessed property value goes up, does the school get more money?

No. Voters approve a maximum that can be spent on a bond. The school district does not receive additional funds. If additional houses are built, the additional taxpayers will share the fixed cost. The potential exists for impact fees from new developments to be collected, the fee schedule and collection is managed by the town and coordinated with the schools. 


Will the upgraded facilities be more energy efficient?

Yes, the projects include high energy efficiency systems that meet today’s construction standards and codes for indoor air quality. These standards far exceed the requirements in place when our schools were constructed half a century ago.  


how do we know prices won't increase? we keep hearing that public construction projects always cost more than expected?

The role of construction manager is important in this process for both the district as well as the taxpayers. For the district, this firm coordinates all aspects of construction, ensures site safety, and delivers a final “guide to the building” for future usage of systems and maintenance. For the taxpayer (and the district), this firm ensures a guaranteed maximum price for construction. 

The construction manager is required to build to the budget and provide guidance to the design team and owner on how to best achieve a cost competitive facility with monies available. Before demolition or construction starts, ALL costs are fully defined and understood by all parties. 

The dollar amount on the ballot is the high water mark. In 2021, the request for proposal/qualification was completed for the architect on record and construction manager. Since then, the Board has worked closely with DEW Construction to ensure the project can be completed for the cost being presented. Director of Facilities Roger Preston has worked with DEW to ensure contingencies are included in the cost to account for increases from 2022 to 2023. DEW reported on the construction market at our January Amherst School Board meeting citing that CBRE’s new Construction Cost Index forecasts a 14.1% year-over-year increase in construction costs by year-end 2022 as labor and material costs continue to rise. Escalation should stabilize to the 2%-4% range in 2023 and 2024, on par with historical averages, and the CPI for 2023 is expected in the 3-4% range.

Should the project pass, the construction manager bids the project to subcontractors, agrees to a guaranteed maximum price and is bound to that cost. The construction schedule, preconstruction schedule, and material lead times are understood in advance with schedule contingencies. This is how all projects are managed. DEW will not start until they know the key “critical path” items are in hand.



How do the costs presented compare to other recently built and renovated schools?

Construction projects have varying levels of materials chosen and renovations performed. What may be considered a light renovation at one school may include painting, flooring, lighting, and ceilings. Another school’s renovation project may include replacement of HVAC units and moving load bearing walls. Because of those differences, reviewing costs of different projects is challenging.

 The costs presented below for comparison indicate Hard Construction Costs. The total cost of a project include both Hard Construction Costs, plus “Soft Costs”. Soft costs include Contingencies, Permitting Fees, Testing, Engineering and Design, Clerk of the Works / Owners Project Manager, Furnishings, Insurance, Technology infrastructure, Legal Counsel, Etc. 

AmhrestMP_Cost Calculations_DEW(.pdf)



What is the average life span of a school building?

Most school buildings are due for renovation around the 50 year mark.

Wilkins is 53 years old, AMS is 48 years old.  Both need renovation to remain in use.

The proposed Elementary Building will be constructed with durable materials with a target lifespan of 50+ years. 

Other system life spans vary: 

Roof: 30 years

MEP systems: 30 Years 

Flooring: 20 years 

How long has the Board been discussing/planning these construction projects?

In September 2018, the SAU 39 Board appointed the Joint Facilities Advisory Committee to review the school facilities in Amherst. Discussions regarding facilities have been ongoing.     


What is the timeline for the elementary construction project?

The direction from the SAU, Amherst School Board, and JFAC is to minimize the number of moves and disruptions as much as possible.  All of this is still in draft form and, should the bond pass, the next 6-12 months will be spent finalizing the design and communicating all of the finer points. 

Phase one includes building the new classroom spaces at the back of the property. Students remain in their current classrooms and schools at this time. Once the classroom portion is complete, the students would occupy those spaces. Construction will begin on the front portion of the building at that time. Two school years will see full construction. The new school would be occupied by grades prek-fifth for the 2026-2027 school year.

When would the project begin & end?

Should Article 12 pass, design refinement and input sessions for community, staff, administration, and board will take place over the following 10 months. Construction is expected to begin in spring 2024 with completion in time for the 2026-2027 school year. During construction, all schools will remain open, utilizing current space to avoid rental costs of portable classrooms. 

How has the Amherst School Board changed the project since the March 2022 bond failure?

At the May 2, 2022 Amherst School Board Meeting, the Board discussed the future of the building projects. Per the minutes, “the elementary school is the priority, and the board is in agreement.” The state aid application only included the elementary project. This is in response to the bond failure. The Amherst Building & Grounds, JFAC, and Amherst School Board continue to monitor the status of the middle school and plan for addressing those issues. 

The Amherst School Board voted at their October meeting to place only the Elementary School project on the the ballot in March 2023.  This results in a reduction in cost and scope from $83.3 million to $54.2 million.  

Also at the October Amherst School Board Meeting the Board approved the expenditure of Expendable Trust Funds to be utilized to begin the design work necessary for a roof and HVAC replacement at Amherst Middle School. 


Who developed the proposed building project?

The proposed conceptual design is the result of conversations between the administration, staff, and committee with professional architect and construction management firms to ensure a facility project that meets the goals of the district. In 2018, the SAU 39 Joint Facilities Advisory Committee was appointed and tasked by the SAU 39 School Board with conducting an analysis of the state of public education facilities in Amherst. The Committee includes residents, elected officials, and SAU leadership. Their meetings have been public and findings were brought to the Amherst School Board over the last several years. 


How many students will fit in the new Elementary school?

The core community spaces will accommodate a maximum of 1,079 students. The classroom space will hold a maximum of 889 students, with room in the design for future expansion should the need ever arise. Building community core spaces slightly larger allows for future growth, planning, and expansion, if needed. This building has been designed with one eye on the present and the other on the future. It is a comprehensive and strategic design,targeted at meeting the needs of today and tomorrow.


What other options did the committee consider?


  • Utilizing the Annex Long-term: Multiple complications arose with this option. The Annex currently contains a number of science labs and an art room with a kiln that are for high school use.  Open space that may exist currently will be needed more by Souhegan students in the future as larger grade level cohorts advance through the grades. The building is cut off from all middle and elementary services and would therefore require another layer of administrative and support staffing, resulting in additional staffing costs. Moving the youngest students in the Amherst School District to the Annex would require renovation to meet state guidelines. 
  • Building new at the district-owned Birch Park site: This site was purchased 20 years ago for a school. The purchase of the land passed, but the construction failed. The site was reviewed by the architect, but secondary egress challenges and extensive site development costs were an obstacle. 
  • Acquiring new land: Large tracts and parcels the size required for a school are not readily available in Amherst or are cost prohibitive.  Additionally, the site development cost would be an added increase to the project. 
  • Expanding and renovating onto existing sites: The Clark site is very land-locked and expansion opportunities do not exist. The parking lot is already extremely undersized at Clark, and there is truly nowhere else to go with that building or site.  At Wilkins, the existing structure cannot carry the load of a second story addition. It would take extensive reinforcement and restructuring, which are cost prohibitive.  If the district were to maintain the current building, a second building behind the current school would have to be built to accommodate the classroom space needed. This would result in a second set of systems to maintain, which is cost comparative,  while not addressing the systems in the current building, another expense to be incurred as the systems are antiquated.  
  • The notion of using empty retail or office spaces was discussed. Many of these types of spaces provide limited access to the outdoors, which is something the community has voiced as a priority over the years. Costs would be incurred as the buildings would have to be brought to educational codes and standards. 
  • Doing only one school at a time:  Prior to the March 2022 Bond vote, it was discussed waiting to do AMS at a later date, despite the building having a number of expensive system issues in that building that will need replacement and fixes.  The committee was interested in locking in the lower rates and realizing the savings from bidding the projects concurrently and utilizing one Construction Manager.


    Timestamp 3:25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdVtUZ6zu08 (Please note this is specifically going through the options, and facility discussion threads throughout the meeting begin at the 1:53 timestamp)


What happens if we do nothing?

Many of the existing systems within the current Elementary and Middle school are at, near, or have exceeded their useful life.  To simply stay in the buildings as is will require updates to major systems in the near future. These updates are costly and do not address space constraints, air quality, academic needs, or other major deficiencies of the buildings. 

Why did the committee choose to locate on the current wilkins site?
The existing site was chosen to provide the community with the following:
  • A lower development cost, avoiding costs to acquire land, construct utilities, and a year’s worth of site exploration and permitting, with a savings of approximately $3.3 million dollars.
  • A new elementary school that remains in the Village.
  • A new elementary school consolidated into ONE central building in the Village; resulting in cost and operational/administrative efficiencies, without significant anticipated impact to traffic. 



 The physical classroom environment will be improved greatly with a new roof and HVAC systems, providing consistent heating and cooling, greatly improved ventilation, and a dry environment.  Additionally, leaks and system failures will no longer create disruptions which lead to lost instructional time. 


Will the building accommodate the current enrollment and future growth?

Yes. The design accommodates 7 classrooms per grade plus 3 flexible classrooms located between grade levels. This will allow for flexibility when enrollment dictates the need for an additional classroom for a grade or for any other type of programming. The Joint Facilities Advisory Committee also ensured that the chosen plan would allow for future build, and additional classroom space could be constructed as second story classrooms at the front (west) of the building, if needed though professional enrollment reports do not anticipate this.

To view Amherst School Board discussion regarding enrollment, go to timestamp 3:09 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdVtUZ6zu08


What are the outside playspaces going to be like?

There will be several outside play spaces. Playgrounds will be located to the south of the building with nearby classroom hallway entrances. The grove area where “over the log” is played will remain. Additionally, there will be space in the back field for additional outdoor classroom spaces. 

Are there hazardous materials in the elementary school?

Yes. There is asbestos in both buildings that is currently monitored annually via visual inspection and mitigated with an overlay. The proposed plan includes full asbestos removal from the elementary space that will be reused (the multi-purpose room).

The AHERA management plan is based off of the 2019 RPF Environmental report. The district is responsible for reviewing these areas every 6 months and documenting any changes. The areas are sealed during the summer with floor finish as well.
NHDES reviewed Clark-Wilkins July 2021 and provided two hour awareness training to facility staff on August 3, 2021.
6 month asbestos review are by trained staff and any changes are to be documented/reported. RPF environmental or similar vendor will be conducting another review in 2023 as required by NHDES.
The AHERA notice for Amherst/Mont Vernon is posted on our website: https://www.sau39.org/common/pages/DisplayFile.aspx?itemId=357943



What are the plans for clark school?
Clark will continue to be in school-use until the construction is complete. That projection is Fall of 2026.
In 2021, community discussions were led by JFAC regarding the future use for Clark should a new elementary school be built. From those conversations, 4 main options arose including sale to town for town to determine specific use (possibilities included community center, town office space, etc), raze for green space, sell for commercial, or sell for residential. Should this warrant article pass, community and stakeholder groups will continue to be invited to discuss options with the Amherst School Board. 


How will the elementary school be able to serve the community?

School buildings often serve as the center of community life. This is especially true when a dedicated community center is unavailable, such as the case in Amherst. We are excited that the community will be able to utilize the building after school hours. The elementary building will provide several community use spaces at the front of the building accessible and separate from classroom spaces. These will include a full size gym, library/media center, and the renovated multi-purpose room with stage and mini-gym.


Are all of the cars now going to enter and exit the elementary from Jones Road?

No. Upon discussing the project, it is clear that alleviating the traffic on Boston Post Road is essential. The loop driveway going around the elementary school will aid in traffic back up. The Jones entrance may be used at specific times for specific purposes. This serves as an exit point for buses in current conceptual renderings. 


Has the community been surveyed?

Yes, an initial community survey was conducted in Summer 2020, yielding 1,000+ responses. Building safety and class size ratios ranked highest among survey respondent concerns.   

A survey was conducted in Spring 2022 to inform the Board and JFAC of future planning. The results of the survey were presented in May to the Amherst School Board.


There are a lot of new developments being planned in Amherst. Will the new elementary school be able to accommodate future growth?

Yes, planning for the future is important. The elementary school is being built to hold 1079 students in the core spaces (library, gym, cafeteria, etc) and will have 4 flexible classrooms for years when a certain grade needs another classroom teacher. The 2020 plan with a higher cost included 9 classrooms for each grade. By closely examining the program, this plan settles on 7 classrooms per grade. 


Are there hazardous materials in the elementary school?

Yes. There is asbestos in both buildings that is currently monitored annually via visual inspection and mitigated with an overlay. The proposed plan includes full asbestos removal from the elementary space that will be reused (the multi-purpose room).


How has the price and scope of the elementary changed from the first iteration to current renderings?

There have been several iterations throughout the process thus far to reach the proposed renderings we see today. In 2020, the proposed elementary school was three stories tall and was estimated to cost $66 million. The March 2022 bond will bring forth a two story elementary building at a cost of $52.2 million, with escalation the March 2023 cost is at $54.2 million.



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